The market is currently evolving and experiencing a significant change in mobile applications every day. Due to this, the significance of mobile application testing has increased rapidly. As large organizations are migrating to mobile apps for more business, the market is exploding with mobile automation tools, and because of the abundance, picking the accurate testing tools for mobile devices has become a challenge now. The global automation testing market size is expected to grow USD 28.8 billion by 2024. The best automation tools for mobile devices can lessen the testing time by a significant amount. In the time of deployment, a small bug can cause a massive loss to the application, and the customer experience can turn out to be miserable. For the production-ready application, it is vital to use the best mobile automation tools.
In this article, we will discuss some of the best automation tools created for iOS and Android specifically and some which are compatible with both devices.
Best Mobile Automation Tools for iOS
Let’s take a look at some of the best mobile automation tools specially designed for iOS devices.
1. Frank :
Frank is an open-source iOS test structure that works on consolidated highlights of Cucumber and JSON. It assists with composing organized acknowledgment tests and prerequisites. Test scenarios are written in understandable English language with the help of the cucumber framework. It helps to write structured acceptance tests and requirements and also includes the Symbiote app inspector, and thus there is hardly a need for any modification in-app code. Frank will take less than 10 minutes to get an iOS app setup. It can record video of the test runs to show the app in action. This tool runs tests on both simulator and device. The best part is it is continuously expanding its library. This tool proves efficient when a team has experience on a web automation framework with Selenium cucumber.
The tool has some challenges, as well. It is challenging to use it directly on the device but best suited for web-based apps, and native apps. The modification to the configuration file is required to run on real devices. Nor does Frank provide the recording feature.
2. KeepItFunctional (KIF) :
KIF (KeepItFunctional) is an objective C based tool, designed specifically for iOS mechanized testing. KIF is a mechanization system that coordinates with XCTests. It tends to be utilized when a business is not associated with composing or perusing test specs. It has a great CI and command line. KIF is an iOS integration test framework known for Functional Testing, which builds and performs test cases by using the standard XCTest testing target. KIF is an open-source framework designed to test mobile app UI and allows easy automation testing of iOS apps. The system requirements for this tool is iOS 5.1 and above. The libKIF static library supports to get into the application framework directly. It is a UI-specific testing tool and is closely related to XCUITest.
There is one thing to remember, KIF may end up sneaking into the final production code, and if that happens Apple will reject the app. So, it is essential to choose the coding process accordingly.
3. XCTest :
4. Appium iOS Driver
This tool is an open-source tool efficient for complete integration with the selenium grid, and it also automates iOS native and hybrid mobile apps using Selenium or WebDriver API. This tool runs perfectly on an emulator rather than a device. Some of the recent versions of it run on devices, but they are comparatively slower than on the emulator. There is no need to change any app code or load any additional app for testing the app on the device. This tool is workable for iOS-driver, which is built upon two different frameworks from Apple. For the native apps, it uses the UI Automation framework from Apple.doc and one needs Xcode with an IOS SDK > 5.0 for the perfect sync. For mobile web, or UIWebviews in hybrid apps (beta), this tool uses the remote WebKit debug protocol, which requires iOS 6+ and safari6+. If one doesn’t have that, even then, the essential part of iOS driver will work, but one will not be able to test mobile web pages on Safari or to Interact with UIWebviews using dom selectors.
5. EarlGrey :
Google develops EarlGrey, and it is an open-source of native test framework used for UI test automation in iOS. This framework is also used by Google internally for functional testing of native iOS apps such as Google Calendar, Youtube, Google Photos, Google translate, and so on. It offers QAs access to enhance the synchronization features for stable UI testing.
The built-in synchronization is an important feature that enables test scripts to wait for the specific UI events to occur before the direct start of an interaction with the application UI. EarlGrey can automatically synchronize with the UI and network requests; however, it still allows a user to implement the customized timings manually.
EarlGrey is entirely an open-source framework with high-level synchronization. The test actions of this tool are performed only on UI elements. QA engineers can directly run the test scripts from Xcode or may command line as EarlGrey operates in connection with XCtest frameworks, and it is also integrated with Xcode’s test navigator.
Best Mobile Automation Tools for Android
Here is a list of best mobile automation tools for Android. These tools are perfect for Android mobiles. Take a look at the list.
6. Robotium :
Robotium is one of the best known open-source tools specially created for testing Android UI applications, which supports testing for both native and hybrid Android apps. Known for its ability to write automated black-box test cases, it supports Android 1.6 adaptation or higher version. The test cases are written in Java. This tool does not need any requirement for additional data about the Android application’s structure or executed classes. It automates multiple activities that a tester needs to run on their android app with minimal time to write test cases. Robotium is popular for its use in the automated black-box testing. Robotium was released in January 2010 and was created and developed by Renas Reda. The current running version is 5.6.3. and this tool can handle multiple Android activities at the same time. It can create powerful test scripts in minimal time. It creates the opportunity for running test cases on pre-installed applications. Robotium is capable of a test suite from both Android Studio or Eclipse.
The benefits of Robotium are quite diverse. Along with the test contents, it additionally permits to compose framework, function, and user acceptance test situations. It is feasible to test cases on pre-introduced applications and offers code scope for Robotium tests. This tool supports numerous Android exercises and needs minimal time to run active experimental test cases. Robotium integrates effortlessly with Maven and Ant to run tests as a significant aspect of continuous integration. These tests can be executed on both Android emulator and real Android devices.
There are few negative reviews of Robotium as well. Using Robotium is an exhaustive and time-consuming process to get the tests done because of the usage of program source code. The tool is not very useful for collaborating framework programming as it is unable to bolt and open cell phones or tablets at the same time. This tool neither provides screen captures nor play and record functions. Its tests are formable as only one device at a time, means one cannot run one test against a number of devices, which can make scaling process troublesome.
7. Selendroid :
Selendroid is a popular testing tool for mobile apps for Android, which is also known as Selenium. It is also capable of executing parallel test cases on multiple devices, the same as Selenium for cross-browser testing. Selendroid accompanies valuable equipment known as Selenium Inspector, which enables to investigate the present condition of an application’s UI. It is open-source and compatible with various devices and emulators. This tool can be used on both Android emulators and real devices. It can drive off the UI of local, hybrid applications and the mobile web, and the test code is based on Selenium 2 and WebDriver API. Selendroid can work with the plugging of hardware devices, and it is capable of the interaction with different Android devices at the same time. 0.17.0 is the current stable version of Selendroid.
Selendroid has a number of benefits. It is entirely agreeable with the JSON wire convention. There is no adjustment of the application under test expected to automate it. Diverse locator variations can find UI components and associate with numerous Android gadgets simultaneously. Selendroid boosts the hot stopping of hardware equipment gadgets.
8. UI Automator :
UI Automator creates functional Android UI test cases to test the user interface of an app. Software testing experts find UI Automator useful for quality mobile application testing on many Android platforms. It is one of the best tools for Android applications, as Google elaborates it, especially for this operating system. The tool uninterruptedly interacts with all Android software and applications. It works with all devices that support Android version 4.1 and others that are released after 4.1. UI Automator Automation framework supports the testing of automated functional test cases and also helps them running against the application under test on one or more devices. Scripts created to utilize this tool on a number of Android platforms. UI Automator can both lock and unlock smartphones and tablets and helps in producing complex sequences of user actions. It is unique as it can take the help of external buttons of a device, such as buttons for going back, volume regulation, turning on and off the device. UI Automator has many benefits as it can combine with a testing framework, TestNG, and can search elements very fast.
9. Ranorex :
Ranorex is another prominent name for a test automation tool for Android. It is not only for the latest but also for early versions and sub-versions of Android, beginning from Android 2.2, which makes it one of the most beneficial test tools for Android. Ranorex is a commercial mobile application tool, and its license price is 1990 EUR. Ranorex Studio, a version of Ranorex, enables an automated test engineer to create tests easily. The modules can be utilized during late development cycles for more complex test scenarios.
Ranorex has a number of benefits. It offers detailed reports with screenshots and can connect a smartphone or a tablet to the Internet via WiFi. An automated test engineer can elaborate data-driven tests, excluding XML data format, utilizing this Android tool. It allows developing additional program modules.
Though this tool has faced a few negative reviews as well. Ranorex searches elements rather slowly; it takes up to 30 seconds to perform such an operation. One must instrument APK files for Ranorex. Otherwise, it is impossible to automate tests utilizing this tool, as it works only with instrumented APK files.
Best Automation Tools for both iOS and Android
We have come up with a list of best automation tools for mobile devices that are compatible with both iOS and Android. Here are those tools:
10. HeadSpin :
HeadSpin known for its excellent customer experiences across the complex mobile ecosystem by providing detailed visibility into performance and user experience issues across every layer of the mobile stack – from client to server. AI engine automatically organizes performance issues from largest to smallest time impact and offers both pre and post-launch options. The cloud and on-premise setup are available along with the Load testing option. It has no SDK for to expand your code base and all via API access. Appreciated for 100% uptime on devices, Headspin also offers dedicated, shared or pay-as-you-go access.11. TestProject
TestProject is the world’s first cloud-free testing tool, a network controlled test computerization platform that empowers clients to test Web, Android, and iOS applications on every OS platform, at a rapid speed. It effectively works together with the group utilizing Selenium and Appium to guarantee quality with speed. Utilize progressed worked in recording abilities, make and use addons (mechanization activities shared by the whole network), or create coded tests utilizing TestProject’s SDK.
12. Testdroid :
Testdroid is a cloud-based application testing device that encourages designers to save expenses behind application advancement, accelerate time to advertise the product, and decrease operational costs. It is the quickest method to test the application against different real Android and iOS gadgets with various screen resolutions and HW stages.
13. Kobiton :
Kobiton gives clients full control of genuine mobile phones during manual testing with help for multi-contact signals, direction and GPS reproductions, camera and speaker control, and device management. Consequently, created action logs, Kobiton captures every activity performed during a testing session so issues can be recognized and settled quickly.
14. MonkeyRunner :
MonkeyRunner is used for the testing of gadgets and applications at the functional or practical level. The apparatus contains astonishing highlights, for example, different device control, extensible computerization, and practical testing to test Android applications and equipment. The programs of MonkeyRunner are written in Python. Engineers need not make changes in source code to computerize the testing.
15. SeeTest :
SeeTest Automation is a cross-platform arrangement. It permits to run similar content on various devices. It empowers engineers to run the test on a few gadgets simultaneously. Being a ground-breaking test mechanization apparatus, it is fit for testing sites or mobile applications. It braces Symbian, Windows Phone, iOS, Android, and Blackberry. The most significant highlight of this apparatus is the battery testing program.
16. Experitest :
It computerizes the cross-program testing by running Selenium tests, several browsers, forms, and operating systems. Programmers can communicate with their applications continuously and investigate them. They can perform visual testing to confirm UI responsiveness across various resolutions. The SeeTest platform seamlessly integrates into all application-lifecycle management environments such as Selenium, Appium, UFT, Junit, Eclipse, Jenkins, Visual Studio, Xcode, and Android Studio.
17. Calabash :
Calabash is a mechanized testing structure supported by Xamarin and Calabash. It performs Automated Functional Testing for mobile applications. It comprises two open-source libraries, Android and iOS, to test hybrid and native applications. It’s an Automated User Interface Framework that allows tests to be written in Ruby using Cucumber. It helps to increase productivity and has increased predictability of quality. The improved robustness (consistency) of processes or products and the increased consistency of output helps reduce costs.
This mobile automation tool has some limitations, as well. It has less proficiency in writing the automation test scripts and it has a major issue of debugging the test scripts. The test maintenance is costly in case of playback methods. Maintenance of test data files gets complicated when the script tests more screens.
18. Squish :
The market is thriving with numerous mobile automation tools which are supporting the product testing process in various ways. We have tried to cover the most popular and the best mobile automation tools with versatile functionality, keeping in mind the users’ convenience. If you have any suggestions to add to the list, you are more than welcome to comment in the comment box below.